" Somaliland Cyberspace human rights page
Somaliland CyberSpace Freedom of Speech Now

That Freedom Shall not Perish


"The fundamental rights of [humanity] are, first: the right of habitation; second, the right to move freely; third, the right to the soil and subsoil, and to the use of it; fourth, the right of freedom of labor and of exchange; fifth, the right to justice; sixth, the right to live within a natural national organization; and seventh, the right to education. -- Albert Schweitzer:

"When I give food to the poor, they call me a saint. When I ask why the poor have no food, they call me a communist." -- Dom Helder Camara

" Often the oppressor goes along unaware of the evil involved in his oppression so long as the oppressed accepts it. " -- Martin Luther King, Jr.

"The only way to make sure people you agree with can speak is to support the rights of people you don't agree with. -- Eleanor Holmes Norton

"Be as beneficent as the sun or the sea, but if your rights as a rational being are trenched on, die on the first inch of your territory. -- Ralph Waldo Emerson

"I shall be honored to go to jail. Under a dictatorship, the detention cell is a place of honor. -- Senator Miriam Defensor Santiago (Philippines)

"I would remind you that extremism in the defense of liberty is no vice! And let me remind you also that moderation in the pursuit of justice is no virtue. -- Barry Goldwater

"I am not interested in picking up crumbs of compassion thrown from the table of someone who considers himself my master. I want the full menu of rights. -- Bishop Desmond Tutu, quoted in You Said a Mouthful edited by Ronald D. Fuchs

"It is often easier to become outraged by injustice half a world away than by oppression and discrimination half a block from home. -- Carl T. Rowan

"Silence never won rights. They are not handed down from above; they are forced by pressures from below. -- Roger Baldwin

"Remember that all through history there have been tyrants and murderers and for a time they seemed invincible. But in the end, they always fall. Always." (Mahatma Gandhi)

"If, one day, a people desires to live, then fate will answer their call. And their night will then begin to fade, and their chains break and fall". Abul-Qasim al-Shabi (1909-1934).

"Tyrannies are doomed because they destroy the togetherness of men: by isolating men from one another they seek to destroy human plurality. They are based on the one fundamental experience in which I am altogether alone, which is to be helpless (as Epictetus once defined loneliness), unable to enlist the help of my fellow men." - Hannah Arendt, The Promise of Politics.

"Bunch together a group of people deliberately chosen for strong religious feelings, and you have a practical guarantee of dark morbidities expressed in crime, perversion, and insanity." - H. P. Lovecraft


Human Rights Conditions in Somalia/Somaliland Region (Since 1992)

  1. Somali Human rights news
  2. FCO-UK. "Somalia - Country of Concern" (10 April 2014)
  3. USDS. "Country Reports on Terrorism 2013 - Somalia" (30 April 2014)
  4. CPJ. "Somaliland authorities shut down independent papers" (April 8, 2014)
  5. Article 19. "Somaliland: Newspaper raided and shut down following corruption article" (11 April 2014)
  6. HRW. "Here, Rape is Normal": A Five-Point Plan to Curtail Sexual Violence in Somalia (2014)
  7. HRW. "Q&A: What it's Like Researching Rape in Somalia" (2014)
  8. Freedom House. Somalia. 2013 - 2012 - 2011 - 2010 - 2009 - 2008 - 2007
  9. The Chained Constitution: The Occurrences of Human Rights Violations in Somaliland [pdf] (December 15, 2013)
  10. Amnesty. "Somalia: Human Rights Agenda for the Post-Transition Somali Government" (25 April 2013)
  11. AI. "Somalia: No place like home: Returns and relocations of Somalia’s displaced"
    This report provides an overview of key human rights concerns in the context of returns and relocations of displaced people. It assesses the protection of refugees and internally displaced people in Kenya and within Somalia.
  12. HRW. "World Human Rights Report - Somalia" - 2014 - 2013
  13. CPJ. "52 Journalists Killed in Somalia since 1992/Motive Confirmed" (2013)
  14. PHR Experts Urge Somalia’s President to Halt Use of Discredited Medical Test (February 2013)
  15. PHR. Somalia’s President Should Void Court Sentences Based on Bad Evidence and Biased Attitudes (February 2013)
  16. Assistance to Somalia in the field of human rights: 27 Sept. 2013 - 6 July 2013 - 25 Oct 2013
  17. UN expert urges Somalia’s Government to finalise and implement human rights roadmap (2013)
  18. UN. "Reports of the independent expert on Situation of human rights in Somalia": 16 August 2013 - 24 July2012 - 29 August 2011 - 16 September 2010 -
  19. Reports of the Secretary-General on Somalia: 22 August 2012 - 1 May 2012 - 31 January 2012 - 9 December 2011 - 30 August 2011 15 June 2011 - 28 April 2011 - 30 December 2010 9 November 2010 - 27 October 2010 - 9 September 2010 - 11 May 2010 - 2 October 2009 - 21 July 2009 - 16 March 2009 - 9 March 2009 - 16 July 2008 - 14 March 2008 - 7 November 2007 - 25 June 2007 - 20 April 2007 - 28 February 2007 - 23 October 2006 - 20 June 2006 - 21 February 2006 - 11 October 2005 - 16 June 2005 - 18 February 2005
  20. Danish Immigration Service. "Security and human rights issues in South-Central Somalia, including Mogadishu" (April 2012)
  21. U.S. "Country Reports on Human Rights Practices: Somalia" 2013 - 2012 - 2011 - 2010 - 2009 - 2008 - 2007 - 2006 - 2005 -
  22. Somalia: UN expert hails Human Rights Roadmap, but calls on Government for broader consultation (2013)
  23. Report of the Secretary-General on the situation of piracy and armed robbery at sea off the coast of Somalia (22 October 2012)
  24. Report of the Secretary-General on the protection of Somali natural resources and waters (25 October 2011)
  25. Report of the Secretary-General on the modalities for the establishment of specialized Somali anti-piracy courts (30 August 2011)
  26. HRW. "Harsh War, Harsh Peace: Abuses by al-Shabaab, the Transitional Federal Government, and AMISOM in Somalia" (2010)
  27. Somaliland: Opposition party leaders jailed after unfair trial, defence lawyers fined and banned from practising(2007)
  28. Training on the UN Guiding Principles on Internal Displacement, Hargeisa,
  29. HRW. "Somaliland: Fragile Democracy Under Threat: Electoral Crisis Underscores Broader Human Rights Concerns" (2009)
  30. HRW. "Hostages to Peace": Threats to Human Rights and Democracy in Somaliland (2009)
  31. HRW. " The Human Rights Crisis in Somalia: The “Arria formula” meeting on Somalia" (2008)
  32. OHCHR. "Report of the OHCHR Preliminary Assessment Mission to Somalia" (PDF) (2008)
    The prevailing human rights situation in Somalia, including a general mapping of the nature and pattern of alleged violations, options for enhancing human rights monitoring and reporting, as well as options for the involvement of a broad range of actors in gathering information on the human rights situation.
  33. Amnesty International. "Annual Reports for Somalia". 2013 - 2012 - 2011 - 2010 - 2009 - 2008 2007"
  34. AI."Situation of human rights in Somalia"
  35. Letter from the Permanent Mission of Somalia (2007) -
  36. Note by the Secretariat on the report of the independent expert appointed by the SG on the situation of human rights in Somalia (2007) -
  37. The Universal Declaration of Human Rights (English)
  38. Conditions in Hargeisa central prison (2005)
  39. US. Somalia: Country Reports on Human Rights Practices (2005)
  40. Girl jailed for espionage released in Somaliland(2005)
  41. Status and (Human Rights) Obligations of Non-recognized De Facto Regimes in International Law: The Case of 'Somaliland.' (2005)
  42. Report on Familiarisation Tour to Somaliland(2005)
  43. Ghanim Alnajjar. Situation of human rights in Somalia (2004)
  44. UK. Somalia Country Report Human Rights (2004)
  45. Declaration of Somali Human Rights Defenders (2003)
  46. Somaliland: Shadows of the Past As Human Rights Deteriorate 2003
  47. AI. "Somalia and Somaliland: Supporting and strengthening the work of Somali human rights defenders - a workshop report" (June 30, 2003)
  48. IRIN. "SOMALIA: A Decent Burial - Somalis yearn for justice" (2001) When heavy rains in 1997 exposed bones, ropes, broken skulls and torn pieces of clothing in shallow graves in Hargeysa, set in motion the rudimentary beginnings of an international investigation into alleged war crimes.
  49. AI. "Awareness and action. Summary of Report of workshop November 30, 1999
  50. Forensic report: preliminary assessment of mass graves in the vicinity of Hargeisa, Somalia (1998)
    The mission, to conduct an on-site assessment of alleged mass graves in the vicinity of Hargeisa, Somalia, was carried out at the request of the independent expert of the Commission on Human Rights on the situation of human rights in Somalia, Ms. Mona Rishmawi.
  51. HRW."Report on minority groups in Somalia "
  52. Universal Declaration of Human Rights (Somali)
  53. News Articles on arrests of journalists and press closures and International Appeals
  54. Somaliland Constitution(1997)
  55. U.S. "Somaliland in Somalia Country Report on Human Rights Practices for 1998"
  56. U.S. "Somalia Country Report on Human Rights Practices for 1998"
  57. Zeinab Ahmed. Human Rights & Ecological Health (1999)
  58. AI. Human rights in Somaliland: Awareness and action (1998)
  59. Amnesty. "Somaliland leader says he supports human rights" (1998)
  60. Amnesty. "Amnesty visits Somaliland to run human rights workshop"
  61. "Women and children are subjected to abuse and discrimination... " (1998)
  62. UNHCR. "Assistance to Somalia in the field of human rights " (1998)
  63. UNHCR. U.S."Women face a number of serious obstacles to freedom in Somalia... " '96
  64. UNHCR. "Mass Graves in Somaliland" (1997)
  65. UNHCHR. "Preliminary UN assessment of mass graves in the vicinity of Hargeisa" (1997)
  66. Simmone. Mass Graves Leave A Corner of Somalia Appealing for Justice". LA Times
  67. Maneker. "Shaky Peace Lets Northern Somalia Grow Without International Aid.
  68. Manekar. "Survivors Seek Justice in Somalia".
  69. UNHCR. "Press Freedom Somaliland" (1997)
  70. UNHCR. Forensic report: Preliminary assessment of mass graves in the vicinity of Hargeisa, Somalia " (1997)
  71. UNHCR. U.S. "Women face a number of serious obstacles to freedom in Somalia, " (1997)
  72. Amnesty. "Putting Human Rights on the Agenda: a Human Rights Training Workshop on Somalia (1997)
  73. UNHCR. Report by the independent expert, Fanuel J.Kozonguizi, on the conditions in Somalia" (1993)
  74. UNHCR. "Report of the Independent Expert, Mohamed Charfi, on the situation of human rights in Somalia" (1995)
  75. UNHCR. "Report by the independent expert, Fanuel J.Kozonguizi, on the conditions in Somalia"
  76. UNHCR. "Report by the Independent Expert,Ms. Mona Rishmawi on Human Rights in Somalia " (1997)
  77. UNHCR. "Report of the Special Rapporteur, Ms. Mona Rishmawi, on Human Rights Conditions in Somalia" (1996)
  78. UNHCR. "Assistance to Somalia in the field of human rights Commission on Human Rights (1995)
  79. HRW."Global Report on Somali Women's Human Rights" Apr.'96
  80. UNSC. "UN Security Council resolutions on Somalia" (1992)
  81. Michael van Notten. The Law of the Somalis. A Stable Foundation for Economic Development In the Horn of Africa.
  82. HRW. "Somalia Faces the Future: Human Rights in a Fragmented Society"
    APRIL 1, 1995. "The departure of the last U.N. troops of the Somalia operation in March 1995 marks a critical juncture for Somalia, and for international peacekeeping. In researching this report, we set out to discover what would be left behind when the U.N. withdrew, what the prospects would be for the future, and what recommendations should be made to Somalis and the international community based on what we learned.
  83. HRW."Somalia Beyond the Warlords: The Need for a Verdict on Human Rights Abuses" (MARCH 1, 1993)
    While the deployment of a large international military force in Somalia has produced a dramatic improvement in the ability of relief agencies to reverse the terrible famine that was causing massive death among civilians, it does not adequately address the underlying causes of the destruction of Somalia's social fabric that ultimately led to the famine.
  84. HRW. "No Mercy in Mogadishu - The Human Cost of the Conflict and the Struggle for Relief" (MARCH 26, 1992)
    "The worst humanitarian disaster in the world today," were the words used to describe Somalia by Andrew Natsios, the former director of the U.S. Office of Foreign Disaster Assistance (OFDA).

Promoting Free Expression

"Everyone has the right to freedom of opinion and expression; this right includes freedom to hold opinions without interference and to seek, receive and impart information and ideas through any media and regardless of frontiers". -- Article 19. The Universal Declaration of Human Rights.

  1. International press freedom Declarations
  2. Canadian Journalists for Free Expression An advocacy organization that defends the rights of journalists and contributes to the development of media freedom worldwide.
  3. The Committee to Protect Journalists (CPJ) An advocacy organization that draws public attention to abuses against members of the press.
  4. International Federation of Journalists An organization that promotes international action to defend press freedom and social justice through international trade unions for journalists.
  5. International Freedom of Expression Exchange (IFEX) A coming together of International Freedom of Expression organizations to spotlight and combat abuses of press freedom.
  6. The Media Foundation for West Africa (MFWA) A regional non-governmental organization based in Accra which defends and promotes media freedom in West Africa
  7. Reporters without Borders/Reporteurs Sans Frontiers (RSF) - An association that spotlights abuses faced by journalists around the world.


Pan African Documents

  1. "Draft Additional Protocol to the African Charter on Human and Peoples’ Rights " (1990)
  2. "African Charter on the Rights and Welfare of the Child" (1990)
  3. "African [Banjul] Charter on Human and Peoples' Rights"(Oct. 21,1986)
  4. "Convention Governing the Specific Aspects of Refugee Problems in Africa" (1974)
  5. OAU."Charter of Organization of Africa" (May 1963)


United Nations Documents

  1. "The United Nations Charter"
  2. "Convention on the Rights of the Child"(1990)
  3. "ILO Declaration on fundamental principles and rights at work "(1998)
  4. "International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights"(1976)
  5. "Convention on the Political Rights of Women"
  6. "Convention Against Torture and Other Cruel...Punishment" (1985)
  7. "Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women" (1981)
  8. "Declaration on the Elimination of All Forms of Intolerance and of Discrimination Based on Religion" (1981)
  9. "International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights" (1976)
  10. "Declaration on the Protection of Women and Children in Emergency and Armed Conflict"(1974)
  11. "Declaration on Social Progress and Development"(1969)
  12. "International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination"(1969)
  13. "Convention relating to the Status of Stateless Persons" (1960)
  14. "Convention against Discrimination in Education" (1960)
  15. "Convention relating to the Status of Refugees" (1951)
  16. "Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide" (1951)
  17. "Convention Concerning The ...Right to Organise and to Bargain Collectively" (1949)
  18. "Universal Declaration of Human Rights"(1948)


United States Documents

  1. M.L. KING'S "I HAVE A DREAM" Speech - Aug. 28, 1963
  2. "The Original BILL OF RIGHTS of the United States" (1791)
  3. "Declaration of Independence in U.S. Congress" (July 4, 1776)
  4. "Consitution of the United States" (1776)


Great Britain

  1. "The Magna Carta" (The Great Charter)
  2. "Laws of William The Conqueror (1060)


Europe

  1. "European Convention for Human Rights"
  2. "Declaration of The Rights of Man And of The Citizen" (1789)

Women's Rights

  1. "Convention on the Political Rights of Women"
  2. "Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women" (1981)
  3. "Declaration on the Protection of Women and Children in Emergency and Armed Conflict" (1974)

Children's Rights

  1. "Convention on the Rights of the Child"(1990)
  2. "African Charter on the Rights and Welfare of the Child" (1990)

Freedom Of Religion

  1. "Declaration on the Elimination of All Forms of Intolerance and of Discrimination Based on Religion" (1981)

FGM

  1. "In Re Kasinga: Asylum Hearing of Potential FGM Victim " (1969)

Civil Liberties

  1. "Universal Declaration of Human Rights"(1948)
  2. "International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights"(1976)
  3. "International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights" (1976)
  4. "African [Banjul] Charter on Human and Peoples' Rights"(Oct. 21,1986)
  5. "Declaration on Social Progress and Development"(1969)
  6. "Draft Additional Protocol to the African Charter on Human and Peoples’ Rights " (1990)

Refugee Rights

  1. "Convention relating to the Status of Refugees" (1951)
  2. "Convention Governing the Specific Aspects of Refugee Problems in Africa " (1974)
  3. "Convention relating to the Status of Stateless Persons" (1960)

Humanitarian Law and Statelessness

  1. ICRC. "Armed conflicts linked to the disintegration of State structures " (1989)


General Links

  1. AI. "Ten Ways to Repress a Journalist" (May 3, 2013)
  2. CPJ page on Somalia/Somaliland
  3. Millennium Development Goals and Human Rights
  4. Lifting the Spirit: Human Rights and Freedom of Religion or Belief
  5. Training Manual on Human rights Monitoring
  6. Freedom of Thought, Conscience, Religion, Opinion, Expression, Association and Assembly
  7. The Human Rights Education Handbook: Effective Practices for Learning, Action, & Change
  8. Freedom of Opinion and Expression. Special Rapporteur on the promotion and protection of the right to freedom of opinion and expression
  9. The right to freedom of opinion and expression conventions
  10. OHCHR. The Right to Development as a Human Right
    We, heads of State and Government, … are committed to making the right to development a reality for everyone and to freeing the entire human race from want.” UN Millennium Declaration
  11. UN. Declaration on the Right to Development (1986)

International Human Rights conventions

  1. The Ten Core International Human Rights conventions