Somaliland Cyberspace

HARGEISA MUNICIPALITY STATISTICAL ABSTRACT

Second Edition, September 2003
UNDP Somalia 2003
Website: http://www.so.undp.org DEVELOPMENT PROJECTS 63-64
36 Projects Implemented by Hargeisa
Municipality and International Agencies in Hargeisa City: 2001-2002 63
37 Number of Local NGOs Registered under one umbrella or as an individual NGO as of April 2003 64

1. BRIEF SUMMARY:

1.1 MAYOR'S STATEMENT:

On behalf of all the members of the first elected Local Government Councillors from Greater Hargeisa Municipality, all the employees of Hargeisa Municipality and the respective constituencies of all different residential areas, I, Eng. Hussein M. Jiciir, as the first elected Executive Mayor/Chairman of Local Government Council would like to genuinely express our gratitude and appreciation to all the different stakeholders that either directly/indirectly supported (financial or in-kind and in particular for technical assistance) the process of re-establishing all the institutional apparatus of Hargeisa Municipality from the period 1991 to 2002.

An important example of this support can be seen by the efforts of the executive management and administration to primarily undertake a complete production of the First Hargeisa Statistical Abstract (published in 1999). Support in terms of technical and financial assistance came from the United Nations Development Office for Somalia (UNDOS), a project of the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP Somalia).

Further support has been given in the form of on-going preliminary planning for data and additional information collection with UNDP Somalia. This has led to the production of this booklet: An updating of the First Hargeisa Statistical Abstract (1999 to 2002). The compilation of this booklet was assisted by the World Bank and the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), through the Somalia Watching Brief Project (SWB).

The forthcoming publication of the Hargeisa Statistical Abstract 2003 (second production) will contain the information, activities and references of Hargeisa Municipality and the Local Management as well as the Administration Governing System and its Organisational Structures. In addition, included will be all the other data and information that was collected between 1999 and the end of December 2002 e.g. completed social, economical and infrastructure rehabilitation and new projects by Hargeisa Municipal, Central Government Line Ministries, International Development Organisations (EU, UN, INGOs) as well as private local organisations namely Businesses and Civil Society Organisations - (LNGOs,

Technical assistance and support is provided to Hargeisa Municipality in order to practically review and examine the existing capacity of the Planning Department and Statistics Section. The staff of the Planning Department and Statistics section who collected, compiled and analysed the statistical data were once again sponsored by UNDP/SWB.

Therefore, I personally and on behalf of the local government councillors, promise all of you, that following the publication of the second edition of Hargeisa Statistical Abstract for 2003, a clear demarcation line will be established which separates the previous administration's accomplishments and the starting point of our endeavours as the elected representatives (to our respective constituencies from the Greater Hargeisa Area). We will ensure our full time dedication, commitment, transparency and accountability in terms of leadership, management and delivery of reasonable public social and economic services needed by all the different residential communities.

In practical terms, we (Councillors/Mayor) will be thoroughly reexamining the existing practices of the local government executive management systems that we have inherited from previous officials. We will base our balanced reforms and revisions on a comprehensive technical study to be commissioned soon by a team of local professionals and external experts. We will review and examine all the existing and relevant common issues that have been bad norms or practices with previous local government management and within the administration in each department as well as the local employees.

Finally, we extend our thanks to all the resident population from Greater Hargeisa Municipality and all administration from the central government (including all the subsequent national leaderships that made it possible to assist in the long process). We thank them for re-establishing the day-to-day-operations (despite meagre resources) such as policing (Peace and Security), taxation, sanitation/hygiene services, public infrastructure rehabilitation and urban water supplies of Hargeisa Municipality during the difficult times that our nation and different institutions have passed through until we were elected.

In summary, we officially appeal to all members of society - from either the local community (as individuals, governments, private sector, organisations) or from the international community to continue with their respective support and assistance to the new elected representatives governance needs and the executive management, administration and local employees of Hargeisa Municipality. We face limited capacity and resources compared to the immense challenges and opportunities that lay ahead and your support will be essential. We need both your financial and technical assistance in order to provide adequate public and economic services.

Your cooperation and collaboration with us will be highly appreciated. I am confident as an elected, executive official representative and on behalf of other fellow local council members to all the local communities dwelling in the greater Hargeisa areas, that we will be optimising all their tax contributions and other external assistance from the international community by being completely transparent. We will have established and accessible local programme records in order to accommodate all and each of the respective institutional mandated requirements. (Please refer to the attached contact addresses of the Executive Mayor and other members of the Local Government Councillors for Greater Hargeisa Municipality).

Best regards.

1.1.1 PREAMBLE:

This is the second publication of the Hargeisa Statistical Abstract (Year Book-2002) of Hargeisa Municipality, which was facilitated by the technical assistance of UNDP Somalia in February 2003. The primary objective of the Executive Mayor of Hargeisa Municipality is to document all the completed achievements that occurred within the Greater Hargeisa Areas in terms of local social, economical and infrastructure projects. It also takes into account the incredible growth in terms of land size, population and other socio-environmental factors in the same period.

It is clear, however, that all the changes that have been taking place within the Greater Hargeisa Area have placed direct pressure on local government services. Classic examples are the essential public service utilities such as sanitation/hygiene, primary education, health, livelihood (Income Generating Programmes - IGPs) and urban water distribution supplies.

In order to provide an efficient administrative body to respond to these pressures, the first Somaliland's Local Elections for the local government administrations took place among six local political parties after 34 years on December 22, 2002 throughout the country - truly an historic event.

The elected local representatives (Executive Mayor and Councillors) were entrusted to deal with all the existing local government administrative and financial issues as well as the technical capacities in terms of Human Resources and Organisational Structures.

Furthermore, the executive management's leadership with the full support of the elected 24 members will be a yard-stick measurement anticipated by all the local resident population, central government, private sectors and contributing funding organisations from the international community.

As the Executive Mayor of Hargeisa Municipality, I am aware that it may be too early to promise any tangible and specific results at this time. However, I offer you my personal assurance that the first piece of legal work to be promulgated by the Local Councillors as the Official Governing and (Local Social and Economical Service Policy Document) will be officially adopted by the end of June 2003.

This policy document will be clearly used as the Official Governing and Management Directives/Guidelines by the local Executive Management, Departmental Directors and local staff. In addition, it will be a prerequisite that each sector/department and district administration will be required to follow the Annual Programme and Budget Plans in order to develop a unified local government. The initial development of such a document will be prepared with technical assistance from the Comprehensive Reform and Revisions Study Report Documents.

Hargeisa Municipality's Technical Office will be established with the mandate to provide regular technical assistance to all the district departments' administrations of Hargeisa Municipality under the direct supervision and authorities of the incumbent Executive Mayor. This will apply to all matters of planning, formulating, designing, implementing, monitoring, evaluation and reporting of local government Policies, by-laws, Programmes, Budget and Internal Control/Auditing.

After practically examining the extent and impact of the reforms and revisions required to put in place an adequate and cost-effective local government institution, it was decided technical experts would be required to initially provide this assistance. The mandate and the professional needs of such a technical office will however be on a limited term as the long term aim is for the respective departments and district administration of Hargeisa Municipality to assume such roles and responsibilities.

In addition, the current Executive Administration of Hargeisa Municipality have clearly shown firm commitment and dedication towards their respective duties and responsibilities which entail initially collecting all the primary data and information prior to the set-up of such a technical office.

This data collection will take place through direct interviews, brief evaluations of each and every department and the relevant data and information collection units of the five districts and other indirect or secondary sources of data and information in order to spread across the board the limited Technical Assistance from the UNDP-SWB Project.

For instance, the on-going research on the different aspects of the Capacity Building Needs to Hargeisa Municipality Planning and Reintegration Department's, particularly the Statistics and Training Section, is the first and foremost important step forward to the process of how to improve and enhance cooperation between our two institutions.

The purpose of the on-going technical assistance from UNDP specifically with the SWB project is to conduct a formal study regarding the Statistics and Training Section's internal capacity and the data and information collection sources of the other departments of Hargeisa Municipality such as the Revenue and Taxation Department. The aim is to further strengthen the respective inter-departmental delivery capacity for locally mandated public social services.

A practical step to achieving this overall objective is to build-up a solid base of Local Statistical Records. The current survey activities in one of the major local market's petty traders' daily tax collection pattern and records have been formulated to become a starting point. As a result, UNDP-SWB technical expert Ms. Mariam Alwi has designed and also facilitated preliminary plans to be in the form of a Community Market Survey Pilot Project. This will help to determine the extent of training and technical assistance required for an integrated statistical unit and the appropriate inhouse training inputs each and every department and district administration will require.

In summary, our future integrated reforms and revisions office for Hargeisa Municipality will be the appropriate contact point for the facilitation and coordination of all inter-departmental, district and rural administration programmes. It will also be the focus point for organising all the activities concerning overseas development and rehabilitation assistance from the international funding organisations.

Please contact the Executive Mayor's Office and the Senior Advisor of the Executive Mayor (Mr. Ahmed Farah, with many thanks for his dedication and contribution in the preparation of the booklet) for further information and explanations related to all relevant issues or policy developments regarding the newly elected Executive Management and Local Government Councillors

However, we welcome any comments, observations and suggestions for improvement, which could be sent to the Director of the Planning Department or the Senior Advisor of the Executive Mayor.

Eng. Hussein M. Jiciir, Executive Mayor/Chairman of LGC, Greater Hargeisa Municipality

2. HARGEISA MUNICIPALITY GOVERNING POLICIES, OBJECTIVES AND PROGRAMMES:

There are officially 25 newly elected Local Government Councillors for the Greater Hargeisa Area for a five-year term starting from 22nd December 2003 to 2007. Article No. Five (5) of Law No. 12 specifically defined all the mandated constitutional authorities and the governing roles of the entire Local Government Councillors'. The schedules and the type of financial compensations are also stated. Prior to the official handover ceremony, the newly elected councillors must collectively vote for two positions contesting for the Executive Management Candidates among themselves:
- Executive Mayor/Chairman of the Local Government Council
- Deputy Mayor/Deputy Chairman of the Local Government Council

2.1 LEGAL GOVERNING FUNCTIONS AND STRUCTURES:

The two elected members of the local government council will be primarily performing the following mandated constitutional authorities, duties and responsibilities as per Law No. 12 of the Decentralised Local and Regional Government Authorities.

2.1.1. EXECUTIVE MAYOR/CHAIRMAN OF THE LOCAL GOVERNMENT COUNCIL

Article Five (5) of Law No. 12 clearly stipulates all the mandated constitutional Powers and Authorities as well as the Executive Management Duties and Responsibilities of the elected Executive Mayor/Chairman of the Local Government Council, the highest body and authority (See the attached Terms of References - TORs).

2.1.2 DEPUTY MAYOR/DEPUTY CHAIRMAN OF THE LOCAL GOVERNMENT COUNCIL

Similarly, the elected Deputy Executive Mayor/Deputy Chairman of the Local Government Council for Greater Hargeisa Area will fully authorise all the mandated constitutional Powers and Executive Management Duties and Responsibilities of the elected Executive Mayor/Chairman of the Local Government Council for all and any full or partial delegated powers, authorities and managerial duties and responsibilities during his (Mayor) official absence from duty.

2.1.3 CENTRAL GOVERNMENT (MINISTRY OF INTERIOR) NOMINATED EXECUTIVE SECRETARY:

The third mandated official member of the Local Government Council/Management officer is the non-elected Executive Secretary that is also clearly stated by Law No. 12 to be the authorised central government representative nominated by the Ministry of Interior for the execution of all financial and administrative day-to-day-operations of Hargeisa Municipality and the non-voting executive secretary of the Local Government Council. However, his role, duties and responsibilities are primarily to the local Executive Mayor/Chairman of Local Government Council.

2.2 ADMINISTRATIVE FUNCTIONS AND STRUCTURES:

In the past decade there were several different local executive management systems that had been introduced as Administrative Functions and Structures for the local government authorities by the central government administrations. However, few of these interim Presidential and Ministerial Decrees were legislated in order to establish a suitable local government system.

In 1995, the first systematic re-establishment processes of Hargeisa Municipality Administrative Functions and Structures commenced with the appointment, by the late President Egal, of Eng. Mohamed Hashi Elmi.

The strong administrative authorities dictated by the appointed Executive Mayor had certainly attracted local dwelling communities and several international organisations including the United Nations Centre for Human Settlement known as UN-HABITAT. These groups came forward and forged a tangible cooperation memorandum of understanding in order to assist financially and technically with all the possible resources within and from the donor communities.

The current elected Local Government Councillors for Greater Hargeisa Area have thus had to inherit the complicated local administration and its structures and deal with them in the best possible manner. It has also had to introduce across the board a decisive reform and revision to all department's institutional and human resources capacity.

The Civil Service Commission of Somaliland conducted a comprehensive review and evaluation study throughout the country in the year 2001/02 by a presidential decree in order to re-examine the costeffectiveness and efficiency of all the administration functions and structures of Somaliland's 23 Local Government/District Authorities.

The highest Administrative Authority of Hargeisa Municipality is the elected Executive Mayor/Chairman of the Local Government Council, his Deputy and Executive Secretary and the official members of the Executive Committee.

Prior to any possible future reforms and revisions of the current administrative functions and structures of Hargeisa Municipality, there are seven service departments, five district offices and several rural administrative representatives within the legal territorial Greater Hargeisa Areas.

2.3 OVERALL OBJECTIVES AND GOALS:

One of the main objectives of the Executive Mayor and the Local Government Councillor's elected in the Greater Hargeisa Area for the five year term (2002/07) is to review and revise present un-balanced local absorbing capacities in terms of employees and management structures before the end of this year. In particular, the extreme fluctuating and limited revenue collection capacity needs to be restructured in order to provide adequate integrated but cost-effective public, social, economic services and infrastructure rehabilitation.

Therefore, in the next eight months (April to December 2003) our administration has planned to undertake the task of providing an improved public social services programme while critically, reviewing in depth the overall present management and structures of Hargeisa Municipality.

The summary of the following priorities was identified by administration. Although our time span is short, the entire elected Local Government Councillors endorsed the issues as follows:

1. To establish a "Linking Strategy" between current and future administrative systems;
2. To re-examine and evaluate all existing Local Government Management and Structures;
3. To assess all the existing regular public, social, economic and infrastructure services;
4. To develop the institutional capacity building needs of all the departments/districts;
5. To enhance and improve human resources capabilities and skills in all the different levels;
6. To develop an integrated public social development programme with annual budget plans;
7. To develop a special Public Private Partnership (PPP) strategy programme plans;
8. International Development Cooperation Programmes such as sanitation/hygiene, electricity and water supplies systems;
9. To enhance the present Coordination and Collaboration Strategy with central government;
10. To develop a Local Economic Development (LED) Programme and "Strategy" with the Private Sector Investment into potential for the short and long term period;
11. To establish in the future a cooperation strategy, "Federal Municipalities of Somaliland."

In conclusion, in order to achieve the above stated plans, we must ensure that our administration gets all the support and commitments of the local taxpayers (financial contribution) as well as the confidence of the local resident population dwelling in the Greater Hargeisa Areas.

In addition, we are also appealing to both regional and international communities for their respective support in terms of Development Assistance and Cross-Border Trade and Social Service Programmes between our nations. The direct assistance to our Local Government Administration's Governing and Management Needs is efficiently spent on community development projects such as rehabilitation of primary education, health, sanitation/hygiene and water supply services and facilities that would be a direct Livelihood Standard Improvements.

2.4 PUBLIC SOCIAL AND ECONOMIC SERVICE MANDATES AND PROGRAMMES:

Since the first Greek Local Government Authority was established in 13th century, it has been standard that all public social services are organised through a central authority that is mandated for legally administering a fixed territorial jurisdiction and is accountable to a specific population called Municipalities or Local Government Organisations.

Hargeisa Municipality mandated public social services are no different from other sister local government institutions around the globe. The following are the basic essential public services required from the current municipal administration to the entire resident population in Greater Hargeisa Municipality:

1. To provide a regular public sanitation/hygiene service;
2. To provide a regular public works and urban development service for repairing and maintaining local public service facilities (health, education, water, solid waste dumpsites, markets, roads, culverts, bridges, open-water storm drainages, public street lights and local road networks etc.);
3. To maintain internal security - policing services (Public Order Services); 4. To foster local economic development ventures such as (Direct Investment Projects);
5. To provide regular provisions of public utilities such as urban water supply, electricity and telecommunication;
6. To provide Municipality planning and develop local natural resources such as land development and its land use systems (Residential, Commercial, Industrial, Wild Life, Green-Houses, Public and Private Recreation, and Commonly Used Public Facilities etc.);
7. To provide regular technical services to the private properties required by the community;
8. To provide regular public administrative services such as local identification authentication, and social contract documents (IDs, Marriage/Death/Birth Certificates, Family Sheets etc.);
9. To provide regular business/commercial services such as business permits, property deeds;
10. Any other public social, economic and infrastructure/environment services delegated by the central government administration or UN/International Organisations etc.

Despite the level of Greater Hargeisa Municipality growth in terms of population and land there are a wide range of proportionate provisions of public services regularly carried out by the local government administrations of Greater Hargeisa Municipality.

However, the majority of the above stated essential public services mandated as an integral part of Hargeisa Municipality are provided in a limited manner due to the meagre technical and financial resources available. The level of service provision is dependant on many internal and external factors such as the political situation, security, weak public law enforcement and judiciary services, livestock ban by Saudi Arabia and other Gulf Countries, lack of national and international financial institutions etc.

3. GREATER HARGEISA MUNICIPALITY ADMINISTRATIVE AND TERRITORIAL DIVISION (URBAN AND RURAL COMMUNITIES):

3.1 CURRENT ADMINISTRATIVE DIVISIONS:

The compositions of Greater Hargeisa Municipality Administrative and Territorial Divisions are as follows: -

3.1.1 URBAN ADMINISTRATIVE DIVISIONS:

The current settings of the Urban Administrative Divisions are in total five major district administrations of which each one is further sub-divided into four main sub-districts with three to four exclusive wards. In addition, an appointed District Commissioner (DC), a Deputy Commissioner and an Executive Office as the Administrative Secretary by the incumbent Executive Committee of Hargeisa Municipality heads each Administrative District(s).

The following are the specific details of each Administrative District Division:

I. Ahmed Dhagax District Division:

1. Mohamed Ali Sub-District with Three wards called B-T-J
2. 18th May Sub-District with Three wards called B-T-J
3. Farah Nur Sub-District with Four wards called B-T-J-X

II. Mohamoud Haybe District Division:

1. Burco Durey Sub-District with Three wards called B-T-J
2. Sheikh Shukri Sub-District with Four wards called B-T-J-X
3. Qudhac-Dheer Sub-District with Three wards called B-T-J
4. Jameeco Weyn Sub-District with Four wards called B-T-J
5. Maxamed Mooge Sub-District with Two wards B-T

III. Ga'can Libaax District Division:

1. Mohamoud Harbi Sub-District with Four wards called B-T-J-X
2. Sheikh Madar Sub-District with Four wards called B-T-J-X
3. Waraaba Salaan Sub-District with Four wards called B-T-J-X
4. Sheekh Yusuf Sub-District with Three wards B-T-J
5. Sheikh Nuur Sub-District with Two wards B-T
6. Aw Adan Sub-District with Two wards B-T

IV. 26th June District Division:

1. Gol-Jano Sub-District with Four wards called B-T-J-X
2. Cayngal Sub-District with Three wards called B-T-J
3. Durya Sub-District with Three wards called B-T-J-X
4. Almis Sub-District with Three wards called B-T-J

V. Ibrahim Koodbuur District Division:
1. Guul-Alle Sub-District with Three wards called B-T-J
2. Jig Jiga-Yar Sub-District with Three wards called B-T-J
3. Xeero Awr Sub-District with Three wards called B-T-J
4. Lixle Sub-District with Three wards called B-T-J
3.1.2 RURAL ADMINISTRATIVE DIVISIONS:
There were no official "Beacon Points" during the Somaliland Administration (starting from 1991), which clearly demarcated the exact territorial jurisdictions of the four geographic directions of east, west, north and south of Greater Hargeisa Municipality including its rural administration divisions.

It was only recently in the year 2002, just before the official announcement of "Local Government Elections" (on 22nd December 2002) that the current independent "National Electoral Commission (NEC)" unveiled the legal territorial jurisdictions for the Local Government Districts with the official border of the colonial administration that existed before 1969 or during the Somaliland British Protectorate Era.

Therefore, the current Rural Administrative Division can be classified as a community collected under a village administration division. These may be either agricultural and/or nomadic clusters with an appointed head of villages and a number of community committees headed by the Executive Mayor of Greater Hargeisa Municipality Administration.

The type of rural administrative divisions cannot be demarcated individually but instead the furthest points of each geographic direction can be recalled as follows:

1. East "Da'ar Buduq Village (60kms from Hargeisa Municipal towards Berbera Port Town);
2. West "Nasa Abaarso Village (25kms from Hargeisa Municipal towards Gabiley town);
3. North "Dara Salaam Village (80kms from Hargeisa Municipal towards Red Sea);
4. South "Toon Village (18kms from Hargeisa Municipal towards the Ethiopian Border).

3.1.3 FUTURE RESTRUCTURING OF ADMINISTRATIVE DIVISIONS PLANS:

The current national constitution of Somaliland was recently rectified (May 31st, 2001) by countrywide referendum. All the citizens have clearly voted as of Article XXX that Hargeisa Municipality as the National Capital City will exclusively have a separate City Charter. Thus, the governing and management system for Hargeisa city will be entirely unique.

3.1.4 FUTURE CAPITAL CITY ADMINISTRATIVE DIVISIONS:

It is planned that a Reformed and Revised Master Plan of Greater Hargeisa City will be composed. During the development of the technical and legal components of this new City Charter, it is envisaged that there will be many re-established norms and characteristics concerning how a International standards of modern city planning and urban management, in particular how to establish common Zones (such as the minimum resident population required for a public health or education facility) have been studied. In applying this to Hargeisa city, it was decided that it might be possible to re-shape current administrative divisions of Greater Hargeisa City from the five existing districts into between 10 to 15 administrative districts.

In summary, the future Capital City Administrative Divisions will depend on the strategy and land-use systems policies to be adopted by the Local Government Councils.

4. PREVIOUS STATUS OF HARGEISA CITY (1991-1995):

The city of Hargeisa was largely destroyed by the civil war between the Somali National Movement (SNM) and the ousted dictatorial regime of Siyad Barre.

The returnees from 1991 to 1995 have attempted to rehabilitate their family shelters with the help of extended family members abroad and a small amount of petty trading income generating activities.

In addition, there was crisis intervention assistance from the UN and International Organisations in areas of the public social service such as educational, health care facilities and essential water sources.

Finally, the newly emerging Local Civil Society Organisations (CSO) in Somaliland have also been a major factor in the process of facilitating all the intermediate emergency and rehabilitation programmes that took place during the same period.

However, the achievements and accomplishments of the local resident population of Greater Hargeisa City have been incredible. One third (1/3) of the destroyed properties have been rebuilt and all the major community market places have re-commenced.

4.1 SUMMARY DESCRIPTION OF HARGEISA CITY PROFILE (1995-2002):

Today, Hargeisa city's profile could be viewed as ever expanding in terms of physical structures and population. In early 1995, it was just the beginning of the major spontaneous returnees of 1991 from the main refugee camps in eastern Ethiopia.

Although Hargeisa city's administrative profile started with the first appointed executive official in 1991, the actual working administration took place in 1995, right after the nomination of Eng. Mohamed Hashi Elmi, the current Minister of Commerce and Industries, as the Executive Mayor of Hargeisa Municipality. He was enormously dedicated and committed to reestablishing all the norms and by-laws of the management and administration for a lawless and war torn city.

Today, the post conflict (1994 to 1997) profile of Hargeisa City is totally different. The last "National Conflict Reconciliation Conference" held in the capital city Hargeisa has really encouraged everyone to be motivated and to have greater confidence. Evidence of this can be seen in the booming construction sector activities (that started mainly from the Diaspora communities abroad) and other commercial and residential buildings as well as the incredible public social service facilities that have emerged e.g. the private hotels, (Ambassador, Maansoor etc.), Edna Children and Maternity Hospital and the establishment of Hargeisa University. These are but a few of the many other encouraging signs that have created an environment conducive to investment.

Table: 1: Number of New Title Deeds issued for Buildings in Hargeisa Municipality: 1999-2002

District 1999 2000 2001 2002
26 June 124 94 131 48
K/Buur 91 188 43 18
G/Libaax 102 181 64 38
A/Dhagax 43 51 16 17
M/Haybe 31 48 11 11
Total 391 562 265 132

Source: Hargeisa Municipality 1

1 Note: It was simple to have a new title deed issued before 2000. However, due to land disputes, the issuance of new title deeds now require lengthy procedures to be followed. ANNEX PROPERTY

Table 2: Number of Business Establishments issued with Licenses in Hargeisa Municipality: 1999-2002

District 1999 2000 2001 2002
26 June 950 912 960 978
K/Buur 71 127 190 240
G/Libaax 954 721 891 981
A/Dhagax 109 130 201 142
M/Haybe 80 162 258 172
Total 2,164 2,052 2,500 2,513

Source: Hargeisa Municipality 2
2 Note: This includes the renewals as well as the new licences.

Table 2a: Number of Business Establishments issued with Licenses Grade wise in Hargeisa Municipality: 1999-2002

Grade 1999 2000 2001 2002
1aad 412 15 30 57
2aad 521 33 25 48
3aad 808 58 21 118
4aad 423 303 311 420
5aad - 492 583 611
6aad - 181 62 1,259
7aad - 95 138 N/A
8aad - 786 969 N/A
9aad - 89 220 N/A
10aad - - 141 N/A
Total 2,164 2,052 2,500 2,51 3

N/A = Data not available
Source: Hargeisa Municipality

Table 3: Number of Land Dispute Cases Submitted to Appeal Committee of the Municipality: 1999-2002

Districts 1999 2000 2001 2002
26 June 11 13 10 8
K/Buur 11 18 15 16
G/Libaax 8 7 3 7
A/Dhagax 13 12 11 8
M/Haybe 12 10 8 15
Total 55 60 47 54
Source: Hargeisa Municipality

Table 4: Number of Staff Working with Hargeisa Municipality: 1999-2002

Department No. of Sections 1999 2000 2001 2002 Total
Finance and Administration 5 75 105 84 121
Social Affairs 3 125 135 145 156
Land Management 2 46 56 59 51
Planning 5 19 24 23 25
Taxation 3 111 135 139 140
Public Works 1 54 75 76 67
Personnel and Issuing of Identity 2 5 8 9 9
Auditing 1 7 7 4 8
Hargeisa District 5 38 45 51 39
Officials N/A* 17 27 4 4
M.C.H. N/A* 5 9 9 7
Total Staff 502 626 603 627
*N/A = Not applicable
Source: Hargeisa Municipality

Table 5: Revenue from Livestock levy at current prices in Hargeisa Municipality: 1999-2002 (Sl. Shs.)

Year Revenue
1999 65,934,109
2000 69,401,357
2001 94,628,200
2002 109,524,500
Total 339,488,166
Source: Hargeisa Municipality3
3 NB: The taxes are raised from market levies and slaughter houses.

TRADE AND INDUSTRY

Table 6: Number of Livestock Slaughtered in Hargeisa Municipality Slaughtering House: 1999-2002

Year Goat/Sheep Cattle Camel
1999 278,306 14,400 6,480
2000 314,512 16,920 6,840
2001 350,817 18,860 7,560
2002 431,639 20,520 8,280


Table 7: Revenue Collected from Khat Imported to Hargeisa City: 1999-2002 (Million Sl. Shs.)

Year Quantity (Kgs) Revenue
1999 6,720,000 672
2000 6,100,000 610
2001 6,960,000 696
2002 8,040,000 804
Source: Hargeisa Municipality4
4 Note: that 300 sacks of Khat are imported into Hargeisa daily. Each sack contains 80kgs. In most cases, the demand exceeds supply, consequently extra amount of Khat arrive in the afternoon. Khat is taxed at 8,000 Sl Sh per sack.

Table 8: Actual Revenue and Expenditure of Hargeisa Municipality at Current Prices: 1999-2002 (Sl. Shs.)

Year Revenue Expenditure Surplus/Deficit
1999 6,989,058,064 6,890,109,001 9,894,063
2000 6,198,041,515 6,801,504,600 603,463,085
2001 5,921,001,812 7,209,571,408 1,288,569,596
2002 6,096,931,401 6,102,351,412 5,420,011

Source: Hargeisa Municipality

Table 9:Revenue from Hargeisa City: 1999-2002 (Sl.Shs.)

Districts 1999 2000 2001 2002
26 June 106,058,269 223,104,000 337,074,443 384,801,132
K/Buur 62,448,151 89,109,003 210,000,000 274,432,460
G/ Libaax 73,948,582 190,480,198 301,009,404 350,276,682
A/ Dhagax 23,858,609 78,104,391 164,299,472 173,767,450
M/ Haybe 36,702,674 69,301,921 178,233,477 214,092,200
Total 303,016,285 650,099,513 1,190,616,796 1,397,369,924

Source: Hargeisa Municipality5
5 Note: The daily collection from the fleet markets is not included as the tax collectors take the money directly to the central office.

Table 10: Revenue from Premium Lands in Hargeisa City: 1999-2002 (Sl.Shs.)

Month/ Year 1999 2000 2001 2002
January 9,121,091 14,090,182 17,080,100 39,845,487
February 6,201,921 13,708,009 12,109,821 22,357,957
March 4,491,000 10,512,760 12,090,501 30,372,551
April 4,861,100 6,910,001 8,008,124 61,077,366
May 5,682,200 7,019,781 11,540,800 50,162,082
June 5,902,400 9,955,000 12,409,000 79,388,476
July 6,720,404 8,334,976 20,912,130 78,751,843
August 7,680,004 7,915,644 21,415,000 73,829,471
September 5,908,801 5,710,000 25,413,801 89,591,162
October 6,006,110 5,287,492 19,200,491 49,453,062
November 3,481,760 1,705,657 17,321,671 38,490,186
December 1,292,708 1,922,000 14,609,303 64,751,580
Total 67,349,499 93,071,502 192,110,742 678,071,223

Source: Hargeisa Municipality

Table 11: Number of Small Scale Industries Operating in Hargeisa Municipality as of April 2003

Category 26 June K/ Buur M/ Haybe G/ Libaax A/ Dhagax Total
*Shoe Making 0 0 0 0 0 0
Distilled water 0 1 0 0 1 2
Bakery 2 2 1 1 0 6
*Sesame oil Factory 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nail manufacture 0 1 0 0 0 1
Aluminium making 0 1 0 0 1 2
Ice Cream Making 4 0 0 1 0 5
Brick Making 3 3 2 5 12 25
Iltang and Beverages 0 1 0 0 0 1
Foam Industry 0 0 0 1 0 1
Tiles 0 0 0 0 1 1
Chalk Factory 1 0 0 0 0 1
Wood and Metal Works 0 0 0 0 1 1
Containers and Water Tanks 0 1 0 0 0 1
Brush Industry 0 0 0 1 0 1
Source: Hargeisa Municipality

Table 12: Electricity Companies Operating in Hargeisa City as of April 2003

Name of District Name of Company

1. 26 June (1) Gabaane S/L Power and Electricity Comp. (2) Indhabirta (3) Adam Hiraad (4) Sahan Electricity
2. Gacan Libax (1) Shariif Fuyuus (2) Ina Afdiinle (3) STC (4) S/L Power and Electricity Comp. (5) Guurey Jamaac (6) Telesom
3. Kood Buur (1) Aw Dahiir (2) Mansoor (3) Afgal (4) S/L Power and Electricity Comp.
4. Axmed Dhagax (1) S/L Power and Electricity Comp. (2) Quule (3) Boos (4) Xariir
5. Mohamud Haybe (1) S/L Power and Electricity Comp. (2) Ahmed Dheere (3) Saciid (4) Araays (5) Gacaan and ina Cali Madoobe

Source: Hargeisa Municipality

Table 13: Major Hotels in Hargeisa City as of April 2003

Name of Hotel Location

1. Maansoor Hotel - Northwest of the town
2. Ambassador Hotel - Southeast near Egal International
3. Airport Hargeisa Club - South of the town, near the stream
4. National Hotel - Centre of the town
5. Oriental Hotel - Centre of the town
6. Maweel Hotel - South of the town, near Sheikh Bashir primary School
7. Bilaal Hotel - Shidka
8. Somaliland Hotel - Centre of Hargeisa

Source: Hargeisa Municipality

Table 14: Mass Media (Newspapers) Operating in Hargeisa City as of April 2003

No. Name of Newspaper Language Periodicity No. of Copies Produced

Jamhuuriya Somali Daily 1,500
Haatuf Somali Daily 1,500
Maandeeq Somali Daily 800
Al xoriya Somali Daily 800
Codka* Somali Quarterly N/A
Qarnu Ifriiqiya Arabic Weekly 500
Al Hatuuf Arabic Weekly 500
Republican English Weekly 500
Somaliland Times English Weekly 500
The Horn Tribune English Weekly 500

N/A = Data not available
Source: Hargeisa Municipality7
7 NB. Codka is published quarterly.

Table 15: Mass Media (TV) Operating in Hargeisa City as of April 2003

Name of the Station Language Air-time No. of Connections
Hargeisa Television Somali 7:00pm - 1:00am 1,315

Source: Hargeisa Municipality 8

Table 16: Main Markets and Type of Goods sold in Hargeisa City as of April 2003

No. District Name of market Type of Goods Type of Market

1. Waheen A Clothes, utensils shoes etc. Permanent
2. Waheen B Clothes, utensils shoes etc. Permanent
3. Shiraacle Vegetable, fruits, beans, dates Temporary
4. Sh Nuur Meat, cereals, fruits, vegetables Permanent
5. G/Libaax Daami Nil Permanent
6. STC Money Exch Multi money exchange - Temporary
7. Khat Market Khat - Temporary
8. Town Centre Various kinds of goods - Temporary
9. G/Libaax Samater Book shop Gold - Temporary
10. Gobanimo A & B Meat, vegetables, fruits, cereals, clothing - Permanent
11. Hedo-Hadhuudh Cereals and vegetables - Permanent
12. Idaacadda market Meat, vegetables, fruit, sorghum - Temporary
13. Soltelco show room Vehicles - Temporary
14. Indian Show room Vehicles - Temporary
15. 26 June Idaacadda Charcoal Wholesale and retail of charcoal - Temporary
16. 26 June Idacadda money Exchange Multi money exchange- Temporary
17. Hero-Awr Meat, cereals, vegetable, fruits, - Temporary
18. Jigjiga yar Meat, cereals oil, fruits, sorghum - Permanent
19. Kood-buur Sha'ab show rooms Vehicles - Temporary
20. Livestock Camels, goats, sheep, donkey - Permanent
21. Qudhac-dher Vegetables, fruit, meat, cereals - Permanent
22. October Market Nil - Permanent
23. M/Haybe Mohamed Moge Meat, vegetables, fruit, cereals - Permanent
24. Enji Market Nil - Permanent
25. Buriga Market Vegetables, fruits, meat, maize - Permanent
26. A/Dhagax Sheikh M Duale Meat, fruits, maize, sorghum - Temporary

Source: Hargeisa Municipality

Table 17: Number of Livestock Markets in Hargeisa City as of April 2003

District 1999 2000 2001 2002
26 June 1 1 1 1
Koodbuur 1 1 1 1
G/Libaax 2 2 2 2
A/Dhagax 1 1 1 1
M/Haybe 1 1 1 1
Total 6 6 6 6
Source: Hargeisa Municipality

Table 18: Number of Fuel Stations in Hargeisa City as of April 2003

District Under Ground Station On the Ground Station Total
G/Libaax 10 9 19
26 June 11 6 17
M/Haybe 1 3 4
K/Buur 5 4 9
A/Dhagax 3 3 6
Total 30 25 55
Source: Hargeisa Municipality

PUBLIC FACILITIES

Table 19: Number of Police Stations and Police Posts in Hargeisa City as of April 2003 Districts

District Police Stations Police Posts Total
G/Libaax 2 5 7
26 June 2 6 8
M/Haybe 1 3 4
K/Buur 1 4 5
A/Dhagax 1 5 6
Airport 1 1 2
Total 8 24 32
Source: Hargeisa Municipality 9
9 A Police post is a sub-station located within the district to maintain security, reporting to the police station in the district. There is also one police post, responsible to the municipality.

Table 20: Garbage Collection in Hargeisa City 1999-2002 (Tonnes)

Month/Year 1999 2000 2001 2002
January 824 1,280 1,175 1,163
February 668 942 1,753 1,292
March 790 1,566 1,400 1,101
April 708 1,464 1,122 1,062
May 778 1,611 938 917
June 988 2,020 1,032 796
July 916 1,300 1,634 906
August 845 1,198 3,061 1,111
September 971 1,396 1,019 1,249
October 1,282 761 1,249 1,683
November 1,236 1,574 1,380 1,439
December 1,343 1,355 1,173 1,335
Total 11,349 16,467 16,936 14,054
Source: Hargeisa Municipality

Table: 21: Availability of Public Toilet Facilities owned by the Municipality in Hargeisa City as of April 2003

District 1999 2000 2001 2002
26 June 3 3 3 3
K/Buur 0 0 0 0
G/Libaax 3 3 3 3
A/Dhagax 2 2 2 2
M/Haybe 2 2 2 2
Total 10 10 10 10
Source: Hargeisa Municipality 10
10 Note: the municipality owns the public toilets.

Table 22: Number of Health Facilities in Hargeisa City as of April 2003

Districts Public Hospital Private Hospital MCH/OPD
26 June 1 18 1
K/Buur 0 2 1
G/Libaax 0 12 2
A/Dhagax 1 3 1
M/Haybe 0 4 1
Total 2 39 6
Source: Hargeisa Municipality11
11 Note: There is a large traditional hospital in Gacaan Libaax district.

HEALTH FACILITIES

Table 23: Number of Pharmacies in Hargeisa City as of April 2003

Districts Wholesale Retail Total
26 June *4 40 44
K/Buur 0 16 16
G/Libaax 2 53 55
A/Dhagax 0 23 23
M/Haybe 0 7 7
Total 6 139 145
Source: Hargeisa Municipality12
12 Note: *Wholesale and retail.

Table: 24: Number of Structures Connected with Tap Water in Hargeisa City: 1999 - 2002

District 1999 2000 2001 2002 Total
26 June 1,371 1,917 2,443 2,825 8,556
K/Buur 987 1,345 1,157 1,470 4,959
G/Libaax 793 1,206 1,634 2,114 5,747
A/Dhagax 371 564 788 1,028 2,751
M/Haybe 268 482 800 1,159 2,709
Total 3,790 5,514 6,822 8,596 24,722

Source: Hargeisa Municipality 13
13 Note: The total number of structures includes: private houses, public houses, business centres, and land under development.

WATER FACILITIES

Table: 25: Number of Water Kiosks Operating in Hargeisa City: 1999 - 2002

District 1999 2000 2001 2002
26 June 57 93 110 125
K/Buur 38 64 73 111
G/Libaax 36 39 58 64
A/Dhagax 27 22 43 59
M/Haybe 28 35 58 77
Total 186 253 342 436

Source: Hargeisa Municipality

Table 26: Estimated Consumption of Water in Hargeisa City:1999-2002 Water consumption (m 3 )

Year Houses Kiosks Stand Pipes Total
1999 829,165 672,993 12,488 1,514,646
2000 915,132 857,706 35,335 1,808,173
2001 1,000,918 781,298 28,790 1,811,006
2002 990,000 811,789 47,641 1,849,430

Source: Hargeisa Municipality

Table 27: Number of Primary Schools in Hargeisa Municipality as of April 2003

Districts Public Private Total
26th June 5 13 18
Kood Buur 2 6 8
Gacaan Libaax 5 7 12
Mohamud Haybe 4 5 8
Ahmed Dhagax 5 1 6
Total 21 32 52

Source: Hargeisa Municipality 14
14 Note: The name of the school and the number of classes will be provided by Ministry of Education

EDUCATION FACILITIES

Table 28: Number of Secondary Schools in Hargeisa City as of April 2003

Districts Public Private
26th June 3 5
Kood Buur 1 1
Gacaan Libaax 0 1
Mohamud Haybe 0 0
Ahmed Dhagax 1 0
Total 5 7

Sources: Hargeisa Municipality 15
15 Note: the Ministry of Education will provide the name of the school and number of classes.

Table 29: Public Transport Operating in Hargeisa City as of April 2003

Type of Vehicle Number
Large Bus 390
Small Buses 100
Taxi 423
Donkey Cart Water Drums 200
Tipper Trucks 240
Lorry 36
Donkey Carts 63
Land-cruiser N/A
Total 1,452

N/A = Data not available
Source: Ministry of Transport and Public Works TRANSPORT FACILITIES

Table 30: Public Transport (mini buses) Daily Operating in Hargeisa Municipality as of April 2003

Bus Station Destination Point Number of Buses
Anaha Riyaha Sheikh Nur 31
Masjid Jamac Halayo 03
Masjid Jamac New Hargeisa 37
Bas Baas Ex-October Ex-Libahyada 15
Hero-DhuftaHego Hotel Wajaale 14C
Total 100

Source: Hargeisa Municipality

Table 31: Public Transport (van) Operating in Hargeisa City as of April 2003

Bus Station Destination Point Number of Buses
STC Livestock Market 40
Gaan Libah M/Haybe 40
STC Calaamadaha N/A
STC M/Mooge &Jamecada 40
Qahira Hotel Idaacada 60
26 June Kood-Buur 60
Bis Hotel Hero-Awr N/A
Hego Hotel Jigjiga yar N/A
26 June Ahmed Dagax 30
Hego Hotel Pepsi N/A
Farah Joma Abaye 20
Bas Bas Sinay 30
Total 320

N/A = Data not available
Source: Hargeisa Municipality

Table 32: Public Transport (taxi) Operating in Hargeisa City as of April 2003

Taxi Station District Destination No. of Taxi
Suuqa Idaacadda 26 June - Anywhere 40
Indha Birta 26 June - Where needed 22
Bilaal Hotel 26 June - Where needed 17
Hargeisa Hospital 26 June - Where needed 15
Union Hotel 26 June - Where needed 35
Commercial Bank 26 June - Where needed 55
Nur Hawsi 26 June - Where needed 12
Xero-Dhufta 26 June Wajale/Borama 80
STC G/Libaax - Where needed 34
Tuyub G/Libaax - Where needed 36
Omer hashi Fuel G/Libaax - Berbera 25
Hargeisa Theatre G/Libaax Yirowe/Burao 10
Egal Intern Airport M/Haybe - Where needed 5
Shifo M/Haybe - Where needed 14
Total M/Haybe - Where needed 5
Hero-awr K/Bur - Where needed 18
Total 423

Source: Hargeisa Municipality

Table 33: Public Heavy Commercial Vehicles Operating in Hargeisa City as of April 2003

Tipper Truck Station District No. of Tipper Trucks
Farah Joma, 26 June 40
Idaacada, 26 June 20
Hero-Awr, Kood-Buur 40
Tata, Kood-Buur 20
North Municipality, G/ Libaax 15
Galan fuel station, G/ Libaax 20
Total fuel station, M/Haybe 15
Saba Hareed, M/Haybe 30
Edna Maternity, A/Dhagax 30
Isha Borama, A/Dhagax 10
Total 240
Source: Hargeisa Municipality

Table 34: Number of Vehicles Owned by Hargeisa Municipality: 1999-2002

Vehicles and Plants 1999 2000 2001 2002
1. Fiat (12) 2 2 2 2
2. Fiat (6) 1 1 1 1
3. Nissan UD 8 1 1 1 1
4. Toyota Istud 0 1 1 1
5. MarkII 0 0 1 1
6. Toyota 6 Tonne 0 0 0 1
7. Nissan 6 Tonne 0 0 0 1
8. Tipper Truck 0 0 0 1
9. Lorry 2 3 3 3
10. Saloon 0 0 1 1
11. Pick-up 0 1 1 1
12. Shavets 3 3 2 2
Source: Hargeisa Municipality

Table 35: Airlines and their Agencies Operating in Hargeisa City as of April 2003

Airline District Agent/Agency Location
Ethiopian Airline 26 June Olympic Travel Oriental
Djibouti Airline 26 June Olympic Travel Oriental
African Express 26 June Olympic Travel Oriental
Galaad Airline 26 June Olympic Travel Oriental
Dallo Airline 26 June Olympic Travel Oriental
Star Airline G/Libaax Olympic Abokor X/Awr
Damal Airline G/Libax Olympic and Euro Travel Oriental
Source: Hargeisa Municipality